Kalata yotseguka yothandizira TPAN

Atsogoleri akale a padziko lonse lapansi amathandizira Pangano loletsa zida za nyukiliya

21 September wa 2020

Mliri wa coronavirus wawonetseratu kuti mgwirizano wapadziko lonse lapansi ukufunika mwachangu kuthana ndi ziwopsezo zazikulu kuumoyo wa anthu. Chimodzi mwa izi ndi chiwopsezo cha nkhondo ya zida za nyukiliya. Masiku ano, chiwopsezo cha kuphulika kwa zida zanyukiliya - kaya mwangozi, molakwika kapena mwadala - chikuwoneka chikuchulukirachulukira, ndikutumizidwa kwaposachedwa kwa mitundu yatsopano ya zida za nyukiliya, kusiya mapangano omwe akhala akugwira kale zida komanso kuwopsa kwenikweni kwa zigawenga pa zida za nyukiliya. Tiyeni timvere machenjezo opangidwa ndi asayansi, madotolo komanso akatswiri ena. Sitiyenera kugona tulo mpaka pamavuto okulirapo kuposa omwe tidakumana nawo chaka chino. 

Sikovuta kuwoneratu momwe zonena zamtopola komanso kuweruza koipa kwa atsogoleri amayiko okhala ndi zida za nyukiliya zitha kubweretsa tsoka lomwe lingakhudze mayiko onse ndi anthu onse. Monga purezidenti wakale, nduna zakale zakunja komanso nduna zachitetezo ku Albania, Belgium, Canada, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Korea, Spain ndi Turkey - onse omwe amati amatetezedwa ndi zida zanyukiliya za mnzake - akuyitanitsa atsogoleri amakono kuti alimbikitse zida zankhondo nthawi isanathe. Chiyambi chodziwikiratu kwa atsogoleri akumayiko athu ndikulengeza popanda kukayika kuti zida za nyukiliya zilibe cholinga chovomerezeka, kaya chankhondo kapena chanzeru, kutengera 
zowopsa za anthu komanso chilengedwe chifukwa chogwiritsa ntchito. Mwanjira ina, mayiko athu ayenera kukana chilichonse chomwe zida za nyukiliya zimaperekedwa potiteteza. 

Ponena kuti zida za nyukiliya zimatiteteza, tikulimbikitsa chikhulupiriro chowopsa ndi cholakwika chakuti zida za nyukiliya zimalimbikitsa chitetezo. M'malo molola kupita patsogolo kudziko lopanda zida za nyukiliya, tikulimbana nalo ndikupitilizabe kuopsa kwa zida za nyukiliya, tonse poopa kukhumudwitsa anzathu omwe amamatira ku zida zowonongekazi. Komabe, bwenzi limatha ndipo liyenera kuyankhula mnzake akachita zonyalanyaza zomwe zimaika moyo wawo ndi wa ena pachiswe. 

Zachidziwikire, mpikisano watsopano wa zida zanyukiliya ukuchitika ndipo mpikisano wothana ndi zida zikufunika mwachangu. Yakwana nthawi yothetsa nthawi yonse yakudalira zida za nyukiliya. Mu 2017, mayiko 122 adatenga gawo lolimba mtima komanso lofunikira kwambiri potengera Mgwirizano Wotsutsa Nuclear Weapons, mgwirizano wapadziko lonse lapansi womwe umayika zida za nyukiliya pamalamulo ofanana ndi 
zida zamankhwala ndi zamoyo, ndipo imakhazikitsa njira yothetsera mavuto awo osatsimikizika. Idzakhala lamulo lomangika padziko lonse lapansi posachedwa. 

Mpaka pano, mayiko athu asankha kusagwirizana ndi ambiri padziko lapansi pothandizira mgwirizanowu, koma uwu ndi udindo womwe atsogoleri athu ayenera kuganiziranso. Sitingakwanitse kugwedezeka tikakumana ndi izi zomwe zikuwopseza anthu. Tiyenera kuwonetsa kulimba mtima ndikutsimikizira ndikulowa mgwirizanowu. Monga maphwando a States, titha kukhalabe m'mgwirizano ndi mayiko okhala ndi zida za nyukiliya, popeza kulibe chilichonse mgwirizanowu kapena m'magulu athu achitetezo oletsa izi. Komabe, tidzakhala okakamizidwa mwalamulo, konse ndipo zivute zitani, kuthandiza kapena kulimbikitsa anzathu kuti agwiritse ntchito, kuwopseza kugwiritsa ntchito kapena kukhala ndi zida za nyukiliya. Popeza thandizo lotchuka m'maiko athu pankhani zankhondo, iyi ndi njira yosatsutsika komanso yotamandika kwambiri. 

Panganoli ndilofunika kulimbikitsa Mgwirizano Wosagwirizana, womwe tsopano uli ndi zaka makumi asanu ndi limodzi ndipo womwe, ngakhale wapambana modabwitsa pakuletsa kufalikira kwa zida za nyukiliya kumayiko ambiri, walephera kukhazikitsa njira zotsutsana kukhala ndi zida za nyukiliya. Mayiko asanu okhala ndi zida za nyukiliya omwe anali ndi zida za nyukiliya pomwe NPT idakambirana - United States, Russia, Britain, France, ndi China - akuwoneka kuti akuwona ngati chiphaso chosungabe zida zawo za nyukiliya mpaka kalekale. M'malo motaya zida, akuwononga ndalama zambiri pokonzanso nkhokwe zawo, ndi malingaliro oti azisungabe kwazaka zambiri. Izi mwachidziwikire sizovomerezeka. 

Pangano loletsedwa lomwe lidakhazikitsidwa mu 2017 lingathandize kuthana ndi ziwalo zankhondo kwazaka zambiri. Ndi nyale yachiyembekezo nthawi yamdima. Amalola mayiko kuti azilembetsa pamalamulo apamwamba kwambiri olimbana ndi zida za nyukiliya komanso kuti akakamize mayiko ena kuti achitepo kanthu. Monga momwe chizindikiritso chake chikudziwira, zotsatira za zida za nyukiliya "zopyola malire amayiko, zili ndi zovuta zazikulu pakupulumuka kwa anthu, chilengedwe, chitukuko cha zachuma, chuma padziko lonse lapansi, chitetezo cha chakudya komanso thanzi la mibadwo yapano komanso yamtsogolo. , ndipo zimakhudza kwambiri azimayi ndi atsikana, ngakhale chifukwa cha kutentha kwa dzuwa. '

Ndili ndi zida za nyukiliya pafupifupi 14.000 zomwe zili m'malo ambiri padziko lonse lapansi komanso pamadzi oyenda pansi panyanja nthawi zonse, kuthekera kwachiwonongeko kumaposa malingaliro athu. Atsogoleri onse akuyenera kuchitapo kanthu tsopano kuti awonetsetse kuti zowopsa za 1945 sizibwerezedwanso. Posakhalitsa, mwayi wathu udzatha pokhapokha titachitapo kanthu. Iye Mgwirizano Wotsutsa Nuclear Weapons imayala maziko a dziko lotetezeka, lopanda chiwopsezo ichi. Tiyenera kulandira tsopano ndikugwirira ntchito ena kuti nawonso agwirizane. Palibe njira yothetsera nkhondo ya zida za nyukiliya. Njira yathu yokhayo ndikutchinjiriza. 

Lloyd Wokhulupirika, Nduna yakale ya Zachilendo ku Canada 
Ban Ki-moon, Mlembi Wamkulu wakale wa UN komanso Nduna Yowona Zakunja ku South Korea 
Jean-Jacques Blais, Nduna Yowona Zachitetezo ku Canada 
Kjell Magne Bondevik, Prime Minister wakale komanso nduna yakale ya Zachilendo ku Norway 
Ylli bufi, Prime Minister wakale waku Albania 
Jean Chrétien, Prime Minister wakale waku Canada 
Willy mawu akuti, Secretary Secretary wakale wa NATO komanso Nduna Yowona Zakunja ku Belgium 
Erik derycke, Nduna yakale ya Zachilendo ku Belgium 
Joschka Chiswati, Nduna Yowona Zakunja yaku Germany 
Franco Frattini, Nduna yakale ya Zachilendo ku Italy 
Ingibjörg Sólrún Gísladóttir, Nduna yakale ya Zachilendo ku Iceland 
Bjørn Amachita Zaumulungu, Nduna yakale ya Zakunja komanso Nduna Yowona Zachitetezo ku Norway 
Bill graham, Nduna yakale ya Zakunja komanso Nduna Yowona Zachitetezo ku Canada 
Hatoyama Yukio, Prime Minister wakale waku Japan 
Mtsinje Jagland, Prime Minister wakale komanso nduna yakale ya Zachilendo ku Norway 
Ljubica Jelušič, Nduna Yowona Zachitetezo ku Slovenia 
Tālavs Jundzi, yemwe kale anali Nduna Yowona Zakunja ku Latvia 
Jan Kavan, Nduna yakale ya Zakunja ku Czech Republic 
Lodz Krapež, Nduna Yowona Zachitetezo ku Slovenia 
Zovala za Valdis Kristovskis, Nduna yakale ya Zachilendo komanso Nduna Yowona Zachitetezo ku Latvia 
Aleksander Kwaśniewski, Purezidenti wakale wa Poland 
Yves chimamanda, Prime Minister wakale komanso nduna yakale ya Zachuma ku Belgium 
Enrico Letta, Prime Minister wakale waku Italy 
Eldbjørg Løwer, Nduna Yowona Zachitetezo yaku Norway 
Mogens Lykketoft, Nduna yakale ya Zachilendo ku Denmark 
John mccallum, Nduna Yowona Zachitetezo ku Canada 
John manley, Nduna yakale ya Zachilendo ku Canada 
Rexhep Meidani, Pulezidenti wakale wa Albania 
Zdravko Mršić, Nduna yakale ya Zachilendo ku Croatia 
Linda Mūrniece, Nduna Yowona Zachitetezo ku Latvia 
Nano Fatos, Prime Minister wakale waku Albania 
Holger K. Nielsen, Nduna yakale ya Zachilendo ku Denmark 
Andrzej Olechowski, Nduna yakale ya Zachilendo ku Poland 
Kjeld Olesen, Nduna yakale ya Zakunja komanso Nduna Yowona Zachitetezo ku Denmark 
Ana Palacio, yemwe kale anali Nduna Yowona Zakunja ku Spain 
Theodoros Pangalos, yemwe kale anali Nduna Yowona Zakunja ku Greece 
Jan Pronk, Nduna Yowona Zachitetezo ku Netherlands 
Vesna Pusić, Nduna Yowona Zakunja yaku Croatia 
Dariusz rosati, Nduna yakale ya Zachilendo ku Poland 
Rudolf kuswa, Nduna Yowona Zachitetezo yaku Germany 
Juraj Schenk, Nduna yakale ya Zachilendo ku Slovakia
Nuno Severiano Teixeira, Nduna Yowona Zachitetezo ku Portugal
Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir, Prime Minister wakale wa Iceland 
Össur Skarphéðinsson, Nduna yakale ya Zachilendo ku Iceland 
Javier Solana, Secretary Secretary wakale wa NATO komanso Nduna Yowona Zakunja ku Spain 
Anne-Grete Strøm-Erichsen, Nduna Yowona Zachitetezo yaku Norway 
Hanna suchocka, Prime Minister wakale waku Poland 
Szekeres Imre, Nduna Yowona Zachitetezo ku Hungary 
Tanaka makiko, Nduna Yowona Zakunja yaku Japan 
Tanaka naoki, Nduna Yowona Zachitetezo yaku Japan 
Danilo Türk, Purezidenti wakale wa Slovenia 
Hikmet Sami Türk, Nduna Yowona Zachitetezo ku Turkey 
John N. Turner, Prime Minister wakale waku Canada 
Guy Verhofstadt, Prime Minister wakale waku Belgium 
Knut Vollebæk, Nduna yakale ya Zachilendo ku Norway 
Carlos Westendorp ndi Mutu, yemwe kale anali Nduna Yowona Zakunja ku Spain 

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