Zokhudza kulowa kwa TPAN

Chidziwitso chakuyambitsa kwa Pangano Loletsa Zida za Nyukiliya (TPAN)

Lankhulani za kukhazikitsidwa kwa Pangano la Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPAN) komanso chikondwerero chokumbukira zaka 75 za Chigamulo 1[I] a UN Security Council

Tikukumana ndi "chiyambi chakuchotsa zida za nyukiliya."

Pa Januwale 22, the Mgwirizano Woletsa Zida za Nyukiliya (TPAN). Iletsa mwachindunji maphwando aku America kuti apange, kuyesa, kupanga, kupanga, kupeza, kukhala, kutumiza, kugwiritsa ntchito kapena kuwopseza kugwiritsa ntchito zida za nyukiliya ndikuthandizira kapena kulimbikitsa zinthu ngati izi. Idzayesa kulimbikitsa malamulo apadziko lonse omwe akukakamiza mayiko onse kuti asayese, kugwiritsa ntchito kapena kuopseza kugwiritsa ntchito zida za nyukiliya.

Para Dziko lopanda Nkhondo ndi Chiwawa Ndizoyenera kukondwerera chifukwa kuyambira tsopano padzakhala chida chovomerezeka pamabwalo apadziko lonse chomwe chikufotokozera zikhumbo zomwe kwazaka zambiri zaphimbidwa ndi nzika zambiri zadziko lapansi m'maiko ambiri.

Chiyambi cha TPAN chikuwonetsa zoopsa zomwe zimakhalapo chifukwa chakupezeka kwa zida za nyukiliya komanso zovuta zoyipa zomwe zingachitike chifukwa chogwiritsa ntchito. Mayiko omwe avomereza Panganoli ndi omwe avomereza akuwonetsa za ngoziyi ndikuwonetsa kudzipereka kwawo kudziko lopanda zida za nyukiliya.

Pachiyambi chabwino komanso chachidwi ichi tiyenera kuwonjezera kuti mayiko ovomerezeka akhazikitsa ndikuvomereza malamulo kuti agwiritse ntchito mzimu wamgwirizanowu: kuphatikiza zoletsa mayendedwe ndi ndalama zankhondo za nyukiliya. Pokhapo poletsa kulipira ndalama, kuthetseratu ndalama m'makampani ake, ndi zomwe zitha kukhala zaphiphiritso komanso zothandiza, zofunikira kwambiri pampikisano wa zida za nyukiliya.

Tsopano njirayo yakhazikitsidwa ndipo tikukhulupirira kuti kuchuluka kwamayiko omwe akuthandizira TPAN kudzawonjezeka pang'onopang'ono. Zida za nyukiliya sizizindikiranso kupita patsogolo kwamatekinoloje ndi mphamvu, tsopano ndi chizindikiro cha kuponderezana komanso ngozi kwa anthu, choyambirira, kwa nzika za mayiko omwe ali ndi zida za nyukiliya. Chifukwa zida za nyukiliya "mdani" zikulunjikitsidwa koposa zonse m'mizinda ikuluikulu yamayiko omwe ali nazo, osati omwe alibe.

TPAN yakwaniritsidwa chifukwa cha zaka XNUMX zakukakamiza zida zanyukiliya ndi mabungwe aboma kuyambira pomwe bomba la nyukiliya ku Hiroshima ndi Nagasaki lawonetsa kukhudzidwa kwawo pangozi. Awa ndi magulu, mabungwe ndi nsanja, mothandizidwa ndi meya, nyumba zamalamulo ndi maboma adalimbikitsa nkhaniyi yomwe yapitilizabe kumenyedwa zaka izi mpaka pano.

M'zaka zonsezi, zinthu zofunikira zachitika monga: mapangano oletsa kuyesa kwa zida za nyukiliya, kuchepa kwa zida za nyukiliya, kusachulukitsa zida za nyukiliya komanso kuletsa kwawo m'maiko opitilira 110 kudzera m'malo opanda zida . nyukiliya (Mapangano a: Tlatelolco, Rarotonga, Bangkok, Pelindaba, Central Asia Nuclear Weapon-Free, Nuclear-Weapon-Free ya Mongolia, Antarctic, OuterSpace ndi Sea Bed).

Nthawi yomweyo, siyimitsa mpikisano wamagetsi wanyukiliya ndi maulamuliro akulu.

Lingaliro lodzitchinjiriza lalephera chifukwa ngakhale lidaletsa kugwiritsa ntchito pomenya nkhondo, wotchi ya atomic apocalypse (DoomsdayClock yolumikizidwa ndi asayansi ndi omwe adalandira mphotho ya Nobel) ikuwonetsa kuti tatsala ndi masekondi 100 kuchokera ku nkhondo ya atomiki. Kuthekera kumawonjezeka chaka ndi chaka kuti zida za nyukiliya zimagwiritsidwa ntchito mwangozi, kuchuluka kwa mikangano, kusokonekera kapena zolinga zoyipa. Njirayi ndi yotheka malinga ngati zida zilipo ndipo ndi gawo limodzi lazandale.

Zida za zida za nyukiliya pamapeto pake ziyenera kuvomereza zomwe zikuyenera kukwaniritsa zida zanyukiliya. Mwa ichi adagwirizana pachigamulo choyamba cha United Nations, Resolution of the General Assembly of the United Nations, yovomerezedwa pa Januware 24, 1946 mogwirizana. Komanso mu Article VI ya Pangano Lopanda Kuchulukitsa adadzipereka kuti agwiritse ntchito zida zanyukiliya ngati States Parties. Kuphatikiza apo, mayiko onse ali ndi malamulo ndi mgwirizano wapadziko lonse lapansi womwe umaletsa kuopseza kapena kugwiritsa ntchito zida za nyukiliya, monga zatsimikizidwira ndi Khothi Lachilungamo Ladziko Lonse ku 1996 ndi Komiti Yachilungamo ya UN ku 2018.

Kuyamba kugwira ntchito kwa TPAN komanso chikumbutso cha 75th cha Security Council Resolution, patadutsa masiku awiri, kumapereka mpata wabwino wokumbutsa mayiko onse za kusaloledwa kapena kugwiritsidwa ntchito kwa zida za nyukiliya komanso za zida zawo zankhondo. onetsetsani chidwi chawo ndikuwakhazikitsa nthawi yomweyo.

Pa Januwale 23, Tsiku lotsatira atayamba kugwira ntchito kwa TPAN, bungwe la MSGySV lomwe lachita nawo kampeni yapadziko lonse ICAN lichita Chikhalidwe cha cyberfestival para chikondwerero "Gawo lalikulu pamunthu". Udzakhala ulendo wopitilira maola 4 kudzera pamakonsati ena, zonena, zochitika zam'mbuyomu komanso zapano, ndi ojambula ndi omenyera nkhondo zida zanyukiliya komanso mtendere padziko lapansi.

Yakwana nthawi yothetsa nthawi ya zida za nyukiliya!

Tsogolo la umunthu lidzatheka pokhapokha popanda zida za nyukiliya!

[I]Komiti Yoyang'anira Ntchito Yantchito idzakhazikitsidwa kuti ilangize ndikuthandizira Security Council pazinthu zonse zokhudzana ndi zosowa zankhondo za Khonsolo posunga bata ndi chitetezo chamayiko, ntchito ndi kulamula kwa omwe ali nawo, malinga ndi lamulo la zida zankhondo komanso kuthana ndi zida.

Gulu Logwirizanitsa Padziko Lonse Popanda Nkhondo Ndi Chiwawa

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